The cycling - basic

Cycling

Getting on: Standing on the bike's mountain-facing side get on the bike with your downhill-facing leg first, click into the raised pedal and sit back into the saddle.
Starting: Push off and, pedalling, move forward; click into the second pedal and continue pedalling forward consistently and evenly.

Getting off: Brake until you come to a standstill, dislodge the mountain-facing foot from the pedal, hold the brakes and shift your weight to the other leg while remaining in the saddle. 

Basic position:

Can only be achieved with the crank in a horizontal position!Knee joints are slightly bent and turned outwards - hips are positioned centrally above the bike -elbow joints are slightly bent and turned outwards and forwards -1 or 2 fingers are on the brakes -eyes are straight ahead in cycling direction - and off we go.Braking: Test and get a feeling for your brakes. You should be able to brake without the back wheel jamming. Using too much force on the front brake (Stoppie) can cause you to somersault over the handlebars so we advise you to slowly explore and test your limits.Changing of gears: This should happen soundlessly, which means that when cycling uphill the pedalling should be interrupted in order for the chain to settle into the targeted sprocket wheel. Continue to pedal rhythmically once the chain has settled. 

Steering: Alongside the basic position steering is the most important factor when it comes to cycling, and the handlebars are your most important tool. Steering is not only of importance when manoeuvring hairpins and bends or changing direction but is vital when cycling straight. Keeping head, shoulders and handlebars parallel is the main characteristic of steering. (Bin nicht sicher, ob ich den folgenden Satz richtig verstehe: Die Parallelität von Kopfachse, Schulterachse und Lenken gilt als Hauptmerkmal des Steuerns.) The handlebar should be held in a stable and balanced position, with enough weight on the front wheel and your eyes straight ahead. 

Pushing: Pushing is an advanced steering technique. The bike is being pushed towards the ground on the inside of the curve in order to achieve an even tighter radius at a higher speed. 
Leaning: In mountain biking, this technique is negligible but it is applied subconsciously in hairpin bends on downhill trails.

Negotiating obstacles: 

False Bunny or Piggy Hop: Lifting of the front wheel, with back wheel remaining on the ground

Bunny Hop: Lifting both front and rear wheel from the ground by jumping upwards and releasing both wheels. Pulling up the front wheel followed by the rear wheel.

Wheelie: Stretch your arms while still firmly gripping the handlebar, and achieve balance while being seated and pedalling forwards. 

Cycling uphill: Stand up and rock slightly forwards and backwards to keep the balance. In case it keeps getting steeper, move forward in the saddle, bend your arms and try to pedal consistently so the rear wheel does not spin as this will cause you to lose grip and you will have to get off the bike.

Carrying: Place the bike in front of you with the chains facing outward. Hold the fork with one hand while using the other to hold the crank, which should be positioned at 6 o'clock. Bend down and put your head through under the lower tube. For a more compact bike, put the front wheel at an angle. When getting up again, place the lower tube on your backpack or shoulder. The bike is now primarily resting on your backpack or shoulder while you are holding it in place at the fork and crank. 

Cycling downhill: Lower the saddle, take up the basic position with your hips as far back as possible, position the body's centre of gravity above the front wheel's rear end, and always look straight ahead while keeping your arms and knees at a slight angle as this will keep you mobile and flexible and you will only need to use your brakes sparingly. Cycle without skid marks at all times!!! Keep a stable position with your crank in horizontal position. Recommended for steps: From a stable basic position, push the handlebar forwards actively when on the ledge and before going back to basic position. It is almost as if the step/ledge disappears from under you.

Emergency exit: Reduce speed as much as possible. Push your hip back behind the saddle and lean forward/push the bike towards the ground as far as possible. Put the pedal that you want to get out of first in a 12-o'clock-position and keep CALM. Stretch your arms and push the bike towards the front. The hips are moving towards the back of the bike. Unclick one foot and place it in a stable position. Let go of the handlebar with one hand to grab the saddle. Once you stand firm unclick your second foot and find a firm hold. Let go of the handlebars with your second hand to grab the saddle. If you still feel unsafe: Let go of the bike completely!